Tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding is an exact and adaptable method used to produce high-quality welds. It combines metals using a non-consumable tungsten conductor while safeguarding the welding area from atmospheric pollutants with an inert gas like argon. The extraordinary control and adaptability of TIG welding, which can combine a multitude of metals including stainless steel, aluminum, and copper, are its primary selling points.
The technique creates an electric arc between the tungsten conductor and the workpiece which creates a large amount of heat. It melts the metal whereas the welder, by hand, inserts a filler rod into the molten puddle for adding more material. After it cools, the puddle forms a solid bond.
TIG welding has a lot of advantages, comprising of superb weld quality, precise control over heat input, decreased spatter, and the capability to produce welds that are appealing to the eye. This post is going to detail the basics of TIG welding, which includes how it functions and its many advantages.
What Is TIG Welding?
TIG welding is a high-quality, precision welding method that uses a non-consumable tungsten conductor. The word “TIG” (tungsten inert gas) is in reference to the non-reactive gas (typically argon) utilized to safeguard the weld area from atmospheric pollution.
What Is the Another Term for TIG Welding?
TIG welding is also referred to as gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW). The two names contain the same primary details: a tungsten conductor creates an electric arc to heat the workpiece while at the same time being protected with an inert gas like argon.
How Does TIG Welding Vary from MIG Welding?
In many ways, TIG welding is dissimilar to MIG welding. The TIG method utilizes a non-consumable tungsten conductor whereas MIG welders utilizes a consumable conductor and a continually fed wire. TIG welding is ideal for delicate applications and thinner materials since it provides greater control and accuracy and creates cleaner welds with minimal spatter.
How Does TIG Welding Work?
TIG welding is a method that combines metal parts by way of a tungsten conductor. An inert gas (typically argon) safeguards the conductor and the workpiece to hinder oxidation. The conductor and workpiece create a high-temperature arc melting the metal, creating a weld puddle. The hand introduced filler material reinforces the joint. For stainless steel, aluminum, and thinner sheets of other metals, TIG welding provides precise control.
What Is the Primary Use of TIG Welding?
The primary use of TIG welding is to merge metals with a high level of accuracy and control. TIG welding is typically used in aerospace, automotive, and fabrication factories. It is especially appropriate for thinner materials and provides exceptional weld quality with nominal distortion.
What Are the Advantages of TIG Welding?
Advantages of TIG welding comprise of:
- Clean, precise, and aesthetically pleasing welds.
- It can be utilized to weld a wide variety of metals, including stainless steel, aluminum, copper, and nickel alloys.
- Thinner materials can be TIG welded because of precise heat control.
- Minimal post-weld cleanup is required since TIG welding creates little spatter.
- Reliable and strong welds with ideal fusion are created by TIG welding.
What Are the Disadvantages of TIG Welding?
Disadvantages of TIG welding comprise of:
- In comparison to other welding methods such as MIG, TIG welding typically takes longer.
- TIG welding requires a higher degree of skill and expertise to operate the equipment effectively.
- It may be difficult to weld thicker materials due to the TIG methods slow deposition rate.
- Compared to MIG welding and oxyfuel welding, TIG welding equipment and supplies can be more costly.
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